Obesity – Pictures, Symptoms , Causes and Treatment

Energy balance is the total quantity of energy produced from the food eaten less the amount of energy needed by the body for resting energy, for exercise and for the energy in metabolic processes such as growth and tissue repair. When more food is consumed than needed the energy balance becomes positive and the excess energy is stored in the body as fat. When a significant excess of fat accumulates in adipose tissue this is termed obesity.

The condition obesity is defined as a weight 20% or more above an acceptable range based on sex and height. Another way of quantifying obesity is based on the body mass index(BMI). This index is calculated from the body weight in kilograms divided by the square of the height in meters. A BMI of 30 or more indicates obesity, whereas a BMI between 25 and 30 indicates overweight. Conversely a BMI between 19 and 25 indicates normal weight for height.

Obesity is not only a social stigma in Western countries, it also presents a hazard to health. It predispose the individual to diabetes, hypertension, gall bladder disease, gout, heart disease, hyperlipidaemia, hirsutism, osteoarthritis, and colon and breast cancer. Fat people do not live as long as those who are of normal weight. Their activity and enjoyment of life may be restricted by their excessive weight. The unfavorable metabolic effects of obesity and premature death are more frequent when the excess fat tissue accumulates in the abdomen as upper body fat distribution obesity(apple-shaped individuals), as opposed to an accumulation of fat on the thighs as lower body fat distribution obesity (peer-shaped individual)

Causes of Obesity

Obesity

The causes of obesity is almost universally due to an excessive food intake in relation to the body’s normal energy needs. Only rarely is there a major decrease in energy needs to less than normal. Careful studies of energy balance show that obese people actually consume more foods than thin people but report eating less food than they actually consume. However, they often eat less than they would like, or expect, to eat and so do no understand why they are overweight.

Obesity tends to run strongly in families due to a hereditary tendency. Additionally, some families make a habit of overeating and may take less exercise. Many people turn to food for solace when they are anxious, unhappy or bored. There are strong sociological pressures with obesity stigmatized in some cultures and situations but normal in others. Sometimes women put on weight excessively during pregnancy, perhaps because they think mistakenly that they must eat enough for two. Obesity occurs in some patients with depression but weight loss is more common in this condition.

There are some uncommon but important glandular causes for obesity.

1. Patients with an under active thyroid gland may become obese and find it very difficult to lose weight, even if they follow a strict diet. These individuals have a decreased metabolic rate. They require treatment with thyroxine in addition to their weight control diet.

2. Excessive cortisol, either in Cushing’s syndrome or given as treatment, leads to obesity of an unusual kind; the face and trunk are obese but the legs and arms are spared.

3. In poorly-controlled overweight diabetic patients who are treated with insulin there is often a marked increase in weight. The insulin treatment is blamed for the problem but it arises because the patient feels better; he eats more and at the same time stops losing glucose in the urine. The problem is therefore really due to them eating excessively.

4. Taking Excess Food:

Consuming a lot of meals is the primary cause for the modern crisis of obesity. Dr Marion Nestle, Lecturer and Chair at the Department of Nutrition and Food Research, University of New York has stated that there are nearly 3800 power available for intake per day, which is 500 power more than what was consumed 30 decades ago. The per-calorie costs have also decreased. A rise in the intake of carbonated drinks, which are fat heavy, suggests an improve in power intake.

5. Stress:

According to researchers, psychological issues uncertain and improved social demand can influence a individual to eat to much. Obese individuals have a tendency to unnecessary eating. To combat the cause for obesity, it is necessary to eat sensible meals and follow a weight loss routine with structured consuming and training in your daily life.

6. Genetic causes:

Obesity tends to run in families. This is caused both by body’s genes and by shared living routines. Numerous research have established that your body’s genes play a huge role in your tendency to obtain fat. Genes affect a number of weight-related processes in our body, such as fat burning capacity, our glucose levels metabolism, fat-storage, hormones. Babies born to obese moms have been found to be less active and to obtain more body weight by the age of three months when in contrast to newborns of regular body weight moms, indicating a possible inherent drive to conserve power.

7. Environmental factors:

The most essential ecological aspect is way of daily life. Your dietary routines and action level are to some extent acquired from people around you. Overeating and inactive routines (inactivity) are the most essential risks for obesity.

8. Lack of sleep:

Peoples who rest less continuously facing problem of obesity . Daily rest of 7 to 8 hours causes less fat, as when in comparison to rest lesser than this causes serious issues of obesity

Treatment of Obesity

Obesity Treatment

Diet

The only successful way to reduce obesity is to eat less. Patients are usually reluctant to accept this comfortless doctrine, hoping for magic tables or injections.

In a weight-reducing diet energy from fats in particular is severely restricted and energy from carbohydrate, protein and alcohol is reduced. Dietary fibre is increased to prevent constipation and to increase satiety, sugar, chocolates, biscuits, cakes and jams are rigidly minimized. Protein foods such as fish, chicken, and low-fat cheese can be eaten in moderate amounts, with substantial quantities of green vegetables and salads which have a low energy content. Reducing diets appear frequently in magazines and lay journals, varying in energy content from 3.5 to 5.0 Kj(1000 calories) per day.

Great self discipline is required, particularly in continuing the diet long-term. Attempts at weight loss fail frequently, especially where the individual is not highly motivated. After successful weight loss it is all too easy for the weight to be regained. New eating habits must be acquired that can be adopted long term.

Appetite Suppressants

Various drugs are available which to some extent may control hunger and so help the obese patient to eat less. Appetite suppressants including fenfluramine, mazindol and diethylpropion can help curb appetite if it becomes a problem when the patient is established on the diet. Amphetamine and related drugs are habit-forming and should not be prescribed. Similarly thyroxine should only be given in the occasional case where the patient is clearly deficient in thyroxine.

Exercise

Regula
r exercise is helpful in preventing the development of obesity but it is of limited effect in treating established obesity, and is effective then only when used with an energy controlled diet.

Success in reducing weight can only be achieved and sustained if the patient is highly motivated. They may benefit from support do maintain their motivation if they join a slimming group or are seen regularly by a dietitian.

Surgery

Surgery for obesity, called weight reduction medical procedures, changes the abdomen or the intestinal tract so that the individual processes less meals or is satisfied with less meals.

* These functions have improved over the decades and are now regarded a safe and acceptable way to help obese individuals control their body weight.

* However, all functions have risks, and for that reason medical procedures is recommended only for obese individuals (BMI greater than 40, or greater than 35 if the individual has serious obesity-related medical problems).

* Like all strategy to obesity, medical procedures is successful only if the individual is dedicated to way of daily life changes and has a desire for better wellness.

About Blog Owner

I am Atanu Majumdar, owner of the blog obesitytips4u.com. HowToReduceObesity covers articles on various obesity, Weight loss, Fitness, Diet topics. If you like This post, you can follow howtoreduceobesity on Twitter or On Facebook Or On Google PlusI am Atanu Majumdar, owner of the blog healthadvice4life.com. Healthadvice4life covers articles on various Health and wellness topics. If you like This post, you can follow healthadvice4life on Twitter or On Facebook Or On Google Plus

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *